Well Water Vs City Water: Which One is Better?

Water is the most crucial element of our day-to-day life. It keeps us healthy and helps to remove toxins and waste products from the body.

But the real question is, what kind of water is a healthy option?

Living in a city might have come across several standard equipments like the RO system. These systems help you purify the water, making it workable to drink.

Some equipment requires a complex process because of excessive pollutants and disease-causing microorganisms in the water body. People in South Korea also use shower filters because of the excessive presence of chemicals that make the water hard.

If you have traveled to the villages or live in a town, you might have come across the well (underground) from where the peoples take the water out with the help of a rope and a bucket or use an electrical method.

According to them, this is the purest form of water, healthier to drink, and workable for making food or washing clothes. This is a typical village situation, but can also be the case in a few cities in a country.

But what is the difference between a city’s water and well water? In this article, we will discuss well water vs city water, the differences, and the advantages of both.

What is Well Water?

You may have come across the well while traveling through the villages or areas where technology is still away from the people. The wells are made by drilling the ground and using the underground water as the primary water source.

A few companies also use deep well water as their primary water source because it saves a lot of money.

Apart from the electrical charges,  or the water bills, the well water also does not require a considerable amount of money because it does not require any complicated purification treatment.

The water in the well ‌comes from the deep rock and soil and does not get contaminated with city water or industrial waste.

If you are using well water, the minerals mixed in it are not harmful to your health. On the other hand, if you are using city water, the contaminants must be filtered.

The Advantages of Using Water Wells are Listed Down Below

What Is The Advantages of Using Wells Water?
  • It is entirely ok to use a push-and-pull method to take the water out of the well, and it will not require a lot of energy. Apart from this, if you are using solar power or a generator, then also it will prevent your electricity bill.
  • The water is underground; that means it is untouched. It will be free from contaminants and high in minerals and nutrients.
  • Besides industrial waste, underground water is also well protected from natural disasters.

The Disadvantages of Using Healthy Water are Listed Below

What is The Disadvantages of Using Unealthy Water?
  • Using a push and pull method to take the water out from the well will save a substantial electric bill from your pocket.
  • But if you are using electricity, it will cost you a vast account. A solar system or a generator is an alternative source to prevent the electric bill.
  • Whenever you are using well water, you are entirely responsible for maintaining the quantity and quality of the water.
  • Check the water quality from time to time and also work on the maintenance of additional drilling or repairs that may require in the future.
  • Dead animals, sewage, radiation, and chemicals can cause contamination to the water because the well will be open after the drilling process has been completed.
  • In most cases, underground wells are present in villages or underdeveloped areas, or households with domestic animals in their homes.

The water can be contaminated because of animal waste and fertilizers (in the case of agricultural grounds); thus, it is essential to be extra careful.

According to a report, more than 20% of household wells in the United States are contaminated because of the excessive nitrate levels in the water.

What is The City Water?

The river is the primary source of city water. It has a lot of contaminants, and you can not drink this water directly from the source, like the underground water. It is not fit for living organisms to consume.

Before supplying it to every household, the departments must follow a complex purification process.

The taste and smell of the water are not pleasant. Chemicals are added to enhance the water quality.

This process is followed daily, and the quality control test is run daily.

Underground water does not require frequent testing, while the city water is tested daily.

Many of the city’s population commonly complain about the taste and the texture of the water.

Water filters are the most common equipment to solve this issue. Even when other water is supplied to the household, 99% of the people ‌prefer to purify it again with the help of their water filters at their residence.

The Advantages of Using City Water are Listed Down Below

What is The Advantages of Using City Water
  • The quality of the water is the responsibility of your municipality or government. They ensure water safety and have the overall burden of facilitating the water supply to every household in the city.
  • Underground water or water wells are a part of rural areas, while the city water is present at every corner of the city. So you don’t have to worry about water if you are going somewhere.

The Disadvantages of Using City Water are Listed Down Below

What is The Disadvantages of Using City Water
  • City water is not fresh water.
  • The city water is expensive because the municipality department has to invest a lot of amounts in purifying the water, so the public must submit the water bills monthly.
  • Apart from this, most homes use water filters to enhance the taste and texture of water.
  • The maintenance of the equipment is also essential, due to which consuming city water is very expensive compared to underground water.
  • City water is highly contaminated, and you can’t drink directly from the water source. Even after boiling the water, you cannot kill most disease-causing microorganisms.

Also Read: How Can I Train Myself To Drink More Water?

Well Water Vs City Water

There are lots of differences between city water and well water. In the above paragraph, we have discussed all the advantages and disadvantages of wells and city water.

We hope that it might have helped you better understand the water types and how they can benefit you. We list a few of the points that can make your decisions much easier down below:

  • Underground water does not require frequent testing, but whenever it does, it is your responsibility to check the quality. While in the city’s case, the municipality department takes care of the purification process and the testing.
  • Underground water requires maintenance costs. Furthermore, it will be costly if you are not using a traditional method (pull and push process) to take the water out of the well.
  • You will also have to invest in electric pumps and testing equipment. While it will be equally expensive with city water, you don’t have to look after equipment maintenance in this situation.
  • The water will directly reach you through the faucet, and you don’t have to go through the process of purification or looking after the equipment.
  • Even after routine testing, the city water is not 100% free from contaminants. The municipality department performs the testing at regular intervals, but it still has a high chance of being affected.
  • Apart from this, the municipality water has the efficiency of affecting the entire city if anything goes wrong. In contrast, with underground water, only a particular house uses it, so only the people from the same place will get infected or diseased.
  • The underground water has a considerable problem with dropping water level because the droughts can highly impact it, so you have to drill the well again.
  • On the other hand,  there is a big chance that the municipality department will cut off the city water if you are not filling your bills on time. So they both have a few drawbacks in reliability.
  • Power outage is a prevalent issue for both water types; without electricity, you cannot pull the water out, and without electricity, you cannot purify the city water.

A Pro Tip

If you are still confused about what you should choose, then you need to clear your doubts, like what is the actual problem in your water, and so forth.

The decision (based on water problems) varies from one person to another, depending on their requirement and financial condition.

But you should always ensure that whatever option you choose, you must run a quality check once or every six months.

Furthermore, it is also essential to note that you should never depend on any other person or department like a municipality to care for you or adequately maintain the water quality.

Most of the time, the municipality department uses certain chemicals like fluoride and chloride, which can harm your body. To prevent this, use water filters, which will not only remove these chemicals but will also add certain nutrients or tastes to your water.

It is essential that you also have additional water filters in your home to ensure the taste and better quality of water.


What is the significant difference between city water and well water?

The main difference between city and well water is that the well water is groundwater, meaning it is natural and untouched.
Because of this, the city water cannot be directly consumed from its primary source, especially without any filtration process.
On the other hand, the city water directly comes from the lakes or rivers, which are highly likely to be contaminated because of the excess pollution and industrialization in the cities.

Which water form is much more environmentally friendly and free from chemicals?

The well water is much more environmentally friendly because it is untouched and free from waste or industrial-related pollutants. It is a much healthier option to choose as compared to city water.

Which form of water is less expensive?

The well water is less expensive because you only have to invest in the drilling procedure and very little equipment to take the water out of the well.
On the other hand, the city water needs a proper supply chain connected to the municipality department, the additional electricity bill, and maintenance of the water filters and faucets.

What can additional methods be used to purify the water?

Installation of water filters in residents or homes should be the topmost priority of the people living in towns and cities.
This is not a compulsion in the case of people living in remote villages that don’t have any industries nearby. The water filters not only provide an additional purification advantage, but it also help to add the vitamins and minerals to the water.


We hope you have made a proper decision and cleared all your confusion.

Before making a final decision, make sure that you know everything about your area’s municipality department and have gone through their purification process, which will be mentioned on their website.

Apart from this, you should also contact the proper department responsible for drilling the ground to access the underground water.

This article had all the advantages and disadvantages of both the water and, depending on your problems, conclude.

In summary, if you want to choose a budget-friendly option and a natural water source, you should always opt for well water, but if you are searching for something convenient, select city water.

Check Out These Article
Reverse Osmosis Vs Distilled Water
Distilled Water Vs Deionized Water
Cold Water Vs Warm Water
Reverse Osmosis Vs Water Softener
Spring Water vs. Purified Water